Innovation of Mongolian script encoding – Future of Mongolian script in the era of technology.
The design of the Refined Model is an outcome of comparative research on the literature of Mongolian linguistics starting from the fourteenth century first prominent work on Mongolian grammar the Jirüken Toltu by a famous philologist Choiji Odser and many other works.
The 158th UTC meeting discussed, supported and issued permission to test the Refined Model.
The current standard encoded many stylistic and periodic variants of different letters. The Unicode encoding standard is a single character encoding scheme; it cannot and should not depict historical variants of letters and grammars of the past eight hundred years of the Mongolian script. Instead, the encoding should depict basic features of the Mongolian script. The Refined Model, we are suggesting, cleaned up all stylistic and historical variants of letters which helps to reduce the use of free variation selectors.
The current Mongolian script Unicode standard has Qa (q) and Ga (g) for male words, but not Ke and Ge for female words. Because Ke (k) and Ge (g) are missing, to write, for instance, bilig or bichig one have to use Ga. Alternatively, font regulations and variation selectors are often used to bring Ke and Ge in use. There are three different Free Variation Selectors (FVS) to write Ke and Ge. Works on Mongolian grammar and alphabet often consider Ke and Ge as independent letters, and they have an essential duty to distinguish male and female words. Regarding those works, the refined model introduced Ke and Ge as independent letters. The Unicode Technical Committee (UTC) issued permission to use two codes from the Ali Gali block. As a result, most of the difficulties in the current standard is fixed in the Refined Model.
The current Unicode standard has three Free Variation Selectors (FVS). The use of those free variation selectors is not consistent. For instance, it is not consistent where to use the FVS, in the beginning, or end of words. But the Refined Model we are introducing has only one FVS, and it is consistent and easy to use.
In the current model, there are seven invisible characters (three FVS, and four special characters). In the use of those characters it is impossible to know, with or without intention, whether the key was pressed several times. The refined model proposes a solution to this difficulty by revealing the unnecessary uses of those invisible characters.
We have examined and improved the current phonetic model of Mongolian script Unicode standard. Basing on our examination, we proposed our solution to the existing malfunctions and called our model the Refined Model to distinguish it from other attempts. The refined model is semi-conformant to the Unicode and received permission to test it by the UTC Unicode experts at the meeting #158. As we declared, we intend to promote the refined model in the development of our future products.
Our solution is very simple.
We are working to facilitate the use Mongolian script on all devices, all operating systems and all browsers. Due to respecting existing Unicode standard our solution is capable of working following systems.
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